Unit 08. Petroleum Products Crude & Refined Oils
In this module we address the survey of bulk oil and petroleum products. Petroleum products are included in this module as the same principles can be applied to their carriage in ‘black ships’ – crude oil carrier. The reason for indicating this is two fold 1) as surveyors of bulk liquid products you may come across many products that can be carried in product carriers and oil tankers including black oils and clean oils and nearly all clean oils can be transported in chemical carriers. In fact, most chemical carriers undertake shipments of petroleum products on a daily basis but few are utilised in the black oil tanker even though they may have a type designation. Cleanliness is and issue for subsequent cargoes. And 2) Pumping and line systems of product and oil tankers and relatively similar. Product carriers are usually on a ring-main system like oil tankers. This allows for fast out turn of cargo that is for the most homogenous. V/ULCC adopt other cargo systems as we will see later.
The focus is towards the management of surveys on oil/product tankers but much can and does cross the soft boundary between other liquid cargoes carried in all types of tankers. Health and safety aspects, which all Surveyors must appreciate, are also addressed but are the subject of another module in its own right. We will also look at the many origins of damage which can result in major claims. Surveying in this area demands an understanding of tanker terminology. This module is populated with a number of graphics to allow the learner an insight to what it is being discussed.
The topics covered in this unit include:
• The Nature of the Cargo and Types of Hazard • Safety and Safe Practices • Ship Types and Cargo Problems • Quality and Quantity • Cargo Calculations • Sampling and Documentation • SIRE Inspections and SIRE Systems
By choosing to buy this Unit you are not entering into the full educational programme but you can complete an assignment for this Unit and receive an IIMS Certificate on successful assessment. Further details of this will be sent to you when you make your purchase. If you decide to take the full Educational Course at a later date you may be able to use your successful pass to make up part of your qualification. Please be reminded that this cost covers one download of a .pdf document, there is NO hard copy. There is no refund available. Please call the Education Team direct if you have any queries: 023 92 313012 or 023 92 313015