Unit 09. The Carriage of Refrigerated Cargoes
Refrigerated cargo transported ‘deep’ sea is exclusively in either refrigerated containers or conventional refrigerated ships. It is now over 100 years since perishable food, in particular meat, was carried by sea in refrigerated ships. The development of large cattle and sheep ranches in Australia, New Zealand and South America coupled with a large European market made the development of long distance transport inevitable.
There are three milestones that are often quoted in the history of meat transportation; the voyage by the Strathleven from Australia to the UK in 1879, the Dunedin from New Zealand in 1882 and the Paraguay from South America in 1877. All of these ships had one common factor; the means of transferring heat from the commodity to the refrigeration system was air.
Over 100 years later air is still the medium by which heat is transferred from the product, albeit that the refrigeration process is somewhat different.
In this unit you will study:
• Ship or Container
• Ship Features and Problems
• Container Types and Problems
• Particular Trades and their Problems
• Record Keeping and Troubleshooting
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