Missing gasket leads to cargo hold flooding

The Swedish Club in its monthly safety bulletin describes a case history about the cargo hold flooding which was attributed to a tank missing a gasket to the manhole. Also, the bilge sensor was broken and heavily corroded, although it had been inspected a couple of days previously and found at the time to be in good condition.

When the container vessel arrived in port, it was instructed to anchor and wait until its berth was available. While the vessel was waiting for the berth, the Chief Officer decided to carry out a routine ballast tank inspection. The second completed a Permit for entry into the confined enclosed space and also did the inspection.

The company has a requirement for carrying out detailed risk assessments but no specific requirement when this should be done. In this case, the officers did not think it was necessary. According to the company’s SMS, it is the responsibility of the Chief Officer to verify that the hatch is properly secured when the job is completed. The following day, the vessel berthed and cargo operation commenced.

During loading, the vessel carried out a normal ballast operation for stability reasons. The cargo operation was completed in the evening and the vessel sailed for the next port.

About 24 hours after the ballast operation had been completed, the Chief Officer discovered that one of the cargo holds had been flooded with more than one meter of water. Prior to this, there had been scheduled inspections but they had failed to discover any water. The vessel was fitted with both cargo hold bilge alarms and high-level alarms. These were monitored from the bridge. There was no bilge alarm until 10 hours after the flooding. The bilge alarm is included in the list of Monthly inspection of critical equipment which had not been completed correctly, as it had been inspected a couple of days previously and found at the time to be in good condition.

The bilge sensor was actually broken and heavily corroded, which takes a long time to happen. There was a failure in the visual inspection and no proper soundings were taken. If this had been done it is likely that the flooding would have been discovered earlier. The crew discharged the water using the ballast pump, bilge pump and a portable bilge pump. Afterwards, the crew inspected the cargo hold and discovered that the tank which had been inspected was missing a gasket to the manhole.

The ballast tank was pressure tested and it was discovered that water was leaking from the manhole. A gasket was refitted and the ballast tank was pressure tested again and no leakage was discovered. The flooding caused extensive damage to almost 30 containers.

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