Following a number of near misses and accidents during lifting operations onboard UK fishing vessels, the UK Maritime and Coastguard Agency (MCA) has published a safety bulletin.
It is a requirement of the Merchant Shipping and Fishing Vessels (Lifting Equipment and Lifting Operations Regulations) 2006 (SI 2006/2184) that the owner and/or employer shall ensure all lifting equipment is thoroughly inspected, as a minimum, at least every 12 months with regular inspections in between. Depending on the findings of the Company risk assessment, in certain applications, the frequency of inspection may need to be increased. Specifically, the attention of the inspection regime, established by the owner, may need to be increased in areas of high load, high wear rates, and high impact.
Examples of high load, high wear, and high impact areas include all fishing gear, its lifting apparatus, chains, wires, and pulleys, typical of that found on beam trawlers and scallopers.
It is the owner’s and/or employer’s responsibility to ensure that sufficient technical information is provided to the competent person to enable appropriate assessment of the in-service operation and the limits of acceptance of each item, according to the MCA. Where equipment is being assessed for continued service, the items should be appropriately cleaned – sufficient for a proper assessment to be made.
If novel, new or modified equipment is placed into service, the owner has an obligation to ensure that the equipment is used in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions and according to the inspection regime. For the avoidance of doubt, the manufacturer or supplier should be consulted about the intended use of the lifting equipment.
Lifting equipment or an accessory for lifting that is exposed to conditions causing deterioration which is liable to result in dangerous situations should be inspected by a competent person. This should be maintained at suitable intervals to ensure that health and safety conditions are maintained and that any deterioration can be detected and remedied in good time. The results of these inspections may lead the owner to consider inspection intervals being reduced. Any deficient item of lifting equipment should be removed as soon as it has been identified as being potentially deficient.
Actions to take
Owners, operators, skippers, crew and safety advisors should ensure vessels are under their control:
– Have an inspection regime sufficient to inspect all items of lifting equipment including those likely to be subject to high load, high wear and high impact;
– Have provided the competent person sufficient opportunity under appropriate conditions to be able to make an assessment for continued operation – which may require inspection techniques other than visual;
– Have determined the parameters within manufacturer’s recommendations for continued acceptance of items of lifting equipment;
– Have determined the frequency of inspection, and where the risk indicates the possibility of premature failure, to increase the frequency of inspection in accordance with the Regulations;
– Have a system to record all inspections and changes to lifting equipment.
– Owners shall ensure that their obligations under ILO 188 has been met in providing their crew with a safe place of work.