The Poseidon Principles for Marine Insurance: Annual Disclosure Report 2023

The Poseidon Principles for Marine Insurance: Annual Disclosure Report 2023
The Poseidon Principles for Marine Insurance: Annual Disclosure Report 2023

The Poseidon Principles for Marine Insurance, an initiative backed by the Global Maritime Forum to drive decarbonisation of international shipping through transparency, has issued its second annual disclosure report.

This report is delivered amidst what will be a transformative year for the maritime sector marked by key events: the IMO’s adoption of the revised greenhouse gas (GHG) strategy at MEPC 80 in July, and ongoing challenges like congestion, personnel shortages, inflation, and sanctions linked to Russia’s war on Ukraine.

For the second year, signatories submitted two climate alignment scores based on the 50% and 100% CO2 reduction trajectories established against the 2018 IMO and Paris Agreement goals. The 50% CO2 reduction trajectory, as outlined in the 2018 IMO Initial GHG strategy, sets a target for a minimum 50% reduction in absolute CO2 emissions by 2050 compared to 2008. On the other hand, the 100% CO2 reduction trajectory takes steps towards alignment¹ with the Paris Agreement on climate and aims to achieve 100% CO2 reduction by 2050 to limit global warming to well below 2, preferably to 1.5°C, compared to pre-industrial levels.

Delving into the scores of ten marine insurer signatories and the continued support from nine affiliate members spanning nine countries, the second annual report serves as a comprehensive account of the initiative’s journey, shedding light on the ongoing progress toward alignment with the climate ambitions of both the IMO and the Paris Agreement. While more progress is needed, there are positive signals, with two signatories showcasing scores within +5% of the IMO’s ambition, detailing both progress and challenges.

“We are dedicated to fostering continuous learning and progress, with a primary focus on advancing the decarbonisation of the global shipping sector and enhancing transparency, ” said Patrizia Kern-Ferretti, Chair of the Poseidon Principles for Marine Insurance.

She continued, “This report aims to raise awareness of our endeavours, shedding light on the pivotal role marine insurance plays in the industry’s transformation. It also underscores the work demonstrated by a small but growing group of insurers, exemplified through their involvement with the Poseidon Principles for Marine Insurance.”

It’s important to note that comparing scores across different years in the realm of marine insurance isn’t a straightforward process. Vessel coverage within a portfolio composition can vary from year to year and is influenced by factors such as one-year contracts and the “leader follower” mechanism, implying numbers should be considered over a specific period.

The report highlights the importance of building connections and raising awareness, emphasising the affiliate members’ pivotal contribution to industry transformation. The Poseidon Principles for Marine Insurance will incorporate trajectories aligned with the revised 2023 IMO GHG in the upcoming phase, with checkpoints in 2030 and 2040, employing a comprehensive well-to-wake approach. Priorities involve refining data collection and expanding membership to enhance the initiative’s impact.

Environmental factor

Climate alignment is currently the only environmental factor considered by the Poseidon Principles for Marine Insurance. In this context, it refers to the degree to which a vessel or portfolio’s carbon intensity is in line with the decarbonisation trajectories of the IMO and close to the Paris Agreement. This scope will be reviewed and may be expanded by signatories on a timeline that is at their discretion, with the support of affiliate members.

The marine insurance ecosystem

Claims leader and follower dynamics
In the context of the Poseidon Principles for Marine Insurance, understanding the dynamics between a “claims leader” and “claims follower” is crucial. It is an industry practice that each vessel (or fleet) is insured by a primary insurer (“claims leader”) and several secondary insurers (“claims followers”) because of the extraordinary value of modern vessels. The term claims leader refers to the primary insurer responsible for handling and leading the claims process. A claims follower is an insurer that participates in the coverage but defers to the claims leader for the primary decisions regarding claims.

The claims leader plays an important role in:
– taking on the primary responsibility for managing and settling claims related to hull and machinery (H&M) coverage.
coordinating the efforts of all insurers to ensure a streamlined and efficient claims resolution process in cases where there is more than one insurer involved in a claim.
– effective communication and information sharing with followers to ensure that all insurers are aligned in their approach and decisions regarding the claims.

The role of brokers in the marine insurance industry

Insurance brokers serve as central connection points within the marine insurance ecosystem, linking insurers with clients seeking coverage for marine vessel H&M. Furthermore, brokers assist clients in navigating the diverse options available within the marine insurance market, considering factors such as coverage specifics, terms, and adherence to environmental principles like the Poseidon Principles for Marine Insurance. This interaction fosters a collaborative approach, incorporating diverse perspectives and support within the marine insurance ecosystem. The brokers’ engagement with insurers and affiliate members contributes to the framework of the Poseidon Principles for Marine Insurance, expanding the scope to embrace a broader spectrum of industry stakeholders.

Click to download a copy: Poseidon Principles for Marine Insurance 2023

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